The eBay find of Justin Whiting of the UK was promoted worldwide as being an image of Jesse James. Decrying Whiting as a fraud and a merchant of identity theft, the James family enjoined Mark David Bampton of Great Britain to analyze the image and make public his findings. Below is Bampton’s entire report for free download, plus highlights of his findings.
MARK DAVID BAMPTON’S FORENSIC ANALYSIS
DOWNLOAD Mark David Bampton’s paper in pdf format.
DOWNLOAD Kent Gibson’s & Will Dunniway’s declarations for comparison
HOVER over slideshow for directional pages.
There is generally good alignment for most lines.
• Top of the head
• Centre of the eyes
• Bottom of the nose
• Edge of the top lip
• Where the lips join
• Edge of the bottom lip
• Bottom of the chin
• Top of the shirt collar
The distance between the bottom two lines indicates that the man on the left has a significantly longer neck than the man on the right.
The parts of the yellow line marking the tops of the shoulders are significantly below the shoulders highlighted with red lines. This is consistent with the significant difference between the top of the shirt collar and the bottom of the chin and confirms that the man on the right has a much shorter neck than the man on the left.
There is considerable misalignment of the template and the lower part of the lapel in the right hand photograph is significantly wider than in the left photograph. The lower part of the lapel is also much longer as highlighted by the length of the yellow template line.
In contrast to what the experts say these are definitely different jackets in each photograph.
The horizontal lines are drawn through the following features although the top of the head is obscured by the brushed back hair.
• Top of the hairline at the parting
• Centre of the eyes
• Bottom of the nose
• Where the lips join
• Edge of the bottom lip
• Bottom of the chin
There is generally good alignment although the man on the right has a thicker bottom lip than Jesse James.
Vertical lines are created on the lower picture of Jesse James and continued up over the other photograph. They mark the following dimensions.
• The distance from ear edge to ear edge
• The distance between the centres of the eyes
It is not possible to align both eyes in the photograph at the top right so his right eye is
aligned. The left eye centre is noticeably inside the other vertical line indicating that his eyes
are closer together.
Coincidentally his right ear is aligned with the relevant vertical line but there is a significant gap between his left ear and the other vertical line. Together with the shorter distance between the eyes this indicates that the man in the top right photograph has a much narrower head than Jesse James.
It is clear from my analysis that there are significant differences proving that Justin Whiting’s photograph is not an authentic one of Jesse James…
His two photographs were taken with different photographic processes and include two different men wearing different jackets. There is nothing left to indicate that they were taken on the same day by the same photographer.
In the worldwide publicity Justin Whiting promoted, Whiting advertised that his “7£ eBay find” was headed to Christie’s in London. There, Whiting imagined he would reap at auction a $2 million dollar windfall that the experts Whiting consulted told him to expect.
On March 31, 2018, Christie’s notified Whiting in writing that his artifact was not suitable for consignment. Christie’s further requested that Whiting refrains from associating Christie’s name with his promotion.
In America, the New York Post formerly followed The Telegraph in first reporting the Justin Whiting’s story. Now The Post walks away from the story, too.
The story of Justin Whiting and his “7£ eBay find” is a story of self-delusion, false hope, and cognitive dissonance, abetted by unscrupulous enablers, all whom wilfully sidestep reason and critical thinking for the dream of fleecing the public of an exorbitant amount of money. That is a crime unworthy of the name of Jesse James.
“I was born and have always lived in the UK. Since 2000, I have lived in Ampthill, which is a small Georgian town in Bedfordshire.
“From my formative years, I was interested in a mixture of the arts and technical subjects, moving on to complete an art foundation course. There I decided to pursue a career in industrial design, combining both artistic and technical demands.
“My career progressed into product engineering and development. I became interested in quality management and moved into this discipline through establishing management systems and achieving ISO9001 certification for my employers. This included some project management.
“I have always worked in manufacturing industries, involving automotive accessories, motorcycle and industrial safety equipment, though the majority of my time has been spent in the medical device manufacturing industry.”
Bachelor of Arts Degree in Industrial Design, Class 2 (1) Honours
The family of America’s iconic folklore outlaw, Jesse James, considers Justin Whiting of Spalding, England a merchant of identity theft.
The James family discredits the claim by Justin Whiting that says this is an image of Jesse James. The family accuses Whiting of trying to capitalize on the authentic identity of Jesse James and the James family. They charge Whiting manufactured, promoted, and is selling an image of Jesse James that is not authentic, but a fake.
The family further says Whiting is creating a scam of identity theft to capture a multi-million dollar profit, using the fraudulent image.
An interview of Whiting by Simon Spark from BBC Look North, appearing in Whiting’ s Facebook timeline, confirms that Whiting thinks his fake image is worth $2 million.
Whiting says, he wants to buy a house and car with the proceeds he anticipates.
The James family maintains the known and authentic physical features of Jesse James are genetic. The identity theft of known historical physical features that are evident in the past equates to the very same characteristics alive in the James family today. Stealing from Jesse James is theft from his family alive today.
Identifiable characteristics of historical identity continue to exist among living members of the James in present time. As evidence, the James produced two videos – MEN of the Jesse James Familyand WOMEN of the Jesse James Family. The videos forcefully display and identify multiple genetic physical features of the James that persist from the first period of photography to present day.
Identity Thief with a Past
Justin Whiting first surfaced in public in 2013. At that time, Whiting claimed to have found an unknown image of Abraham Lincoln, the renowned U.S. President.
Whiting’s story of an eBay find of Lincoln that in fact is not Lincoln forged a template that Whiting now repeats five years later with his “7£ eBay find,” which Whiting claims is Jesse James.
The James family declares Whiting’s actions follow a known template for fraud and con artistry. The family affirms it has been impacted numerous times before by experiences of other fraudulent Jesse James photos hawked by other con artists.
A Practiced Habitué of Fraud
The story of Whiting’s claimed image of Abraham Lincoln first was published on the web site image-restore. The business generally provides services for restoring old photos.
Ironically, the owner of the company and website resurfaces today regarding Whiting’s fake Jesse James image. More about Neal Rhodes, aka Neal David Rhodes, later.
In 2013, Justin Whiting embraced image-restore to disseminate his Lincoln deceit.
For his Jesse James fraud in 2018, Whiting employed SWNS, a news story generator in the UK.
SWNS – Collaborator in Storytelling
“Every day we help people tell their story,” SWNS advertises.
As it did for Justin Whiting, SWNS packages the teller’s story and distributes the content to news outlets and aggregators. From the UK’s newspaper The Telegraph to quickie, spot video delivery outlets like YouTube, SWNS spread Whiting’s scam.
The income SWNS collects is shared with its storyteller. By simply manufacturing a story, Justin Whiting already is profiting off his fake Jesse James image swindle.
The Template of His Con
A look in the mirror at Whiting’s 2013 Lincoln image fraud reveals the template for a fraud that Whiting transfers in 2018 to his claimed Jesse James tintype.
Whiting’s template employs the following elements:
An attention-grabbing headline of a discovery
Story of the discovery made on eBay
A comparison of the discovered image with an authentic image
Reputable authority consulted
Experts of convenience substituted
Report & promotion publicly generated
The following excerpts from image-restore define Whiting’s template elements in 2013.
Reputable Authority Produces Rejection
Experts of Convenience
Public Report & Promotion
The author of Justin Whiting’s Lincoln claim story is Neal Rhodes, aka Neal David Rhodes, pictured in the “About the Author” excerpt above.
Rhodes resurfaces in Whiting’s Jesse James artifice as the restorer of Whiting’s eBay find. Metadata embedded in the electronic image includes a copyright claim to the image in Rhodes’ name.
Among formal forensic science analysts, alterations to historical artifacts equate to evidence tampering. To be properly authenticated, a photographic image must remain in its unaltered condition as found.
Can’t a year go by without some fool huckster who seeks fifteen minutes of fame claims a fake Jesse James photo is authentic?
2018 has just begun, and the witlessness has happened again. This time with a 7£ tintype find on eBay.
Regrettably, the pitch for the present folly falls far short of the sublimity achieved by polished con artists. The hucksters for this fraudulent Jesse James picture only rate top notch for amateurism.
Faithfully following the proven template of sharpies and swindlers of fake Jesse James photos, these amateurs step readily and willingly into a template for a crime. The family of Jesse James brands them as merchants of identity theft.
Recent Fake Jesse James Images
In 2016-2017, hoo-ha raged over the Bob Ford/Jesse James photo hoax. In its first stage, a standard template of con artistry failed miserably, dragging the Houston, Texas Police Department into the gutter with it. With no substantive evidence to support the image claim, the hoax then advanced to a surprising second level. The hoax transitioned into a reality TV show. Television produced a sham auction of the tintype, claiming a final bid of $35,000 that was literally unbelievable. No record exists of the money being paid. More so, no image of Jesse James ever has sold for more than $2,000. Justin Whiting laughably waits for his tintype to fetch him $2 million US.
Then arrived a claimant to Jesse James kinship. He hawked a photo from his family possessions. The claimant could not prove his kinship any more than he could prove his ambrotype was Jesse James. He only proved that suckers exist for fraudulent Jesse James imagery. The ambrotype never reached the auctioneer’s advertised value of $12,000. The ambrotype sold at auction for a paltry $300.
An Obsessive-Compulsive eBay Collector in the United Kingdom
America has grown weary of fake Jesse James photos. Delusional con artists abound, and self-appointed “authenticators” always are ready to aid the con. It’s no surprise that the infection of the fake photo phenomenon has crossed the ocean to the UK. After all, the United Kingdom is the ancestral seat of tabloid journalism and fake news. Just ask any of the country’s kings or queens, Will Shakespeare or Rupert Murdoch. Tea is not tea without one’s purple prose and fantasy fulfillment.
In Lincolnshire, England is the town of Spalding. There sits Justin Whiting. He is out of work and confined to his computer screen by a back injury. Whiting is a middle-aged man with a childish imagination that further cripples his well-being. Lonely as Jane Austin, Whiting trolls eBay for excitement. He likes old photos. On eBay, one old tintype caught his eye.
The eBay ad announced, “Victorian Tintype Photo, Young Man in dark Suit Standing by Chair 1870-1879.”
The ad contained no claim that the image was Jesse Woodson James, America’s folk-lore outlaw. Whiting, however, thought something about the image was familiar. With no immersive knowledge of Jesse James history, photography forensics, or family genetics, Justin Whiting made the sole determination that the tintype he bought on eBay is Jesse James.
Seized by the irrational insanity of his conviction, Whiting searched for other discoveries he could manufacture. He found another image he believed was Jesse James.
Going off the deep end of all rationality, Justin Whiting furthermore claimed he has another old tintype of the Jim and Bob Younger of the Younger Gang.
The Con Man Self-Revealed
In the full bloom of his self-delusion, Justin Whiting reached out to the Jesse James family for the approval and justification he needed. He queried the James family historian, Eric F James, publisher of the James family’s web site Stray Leaves that routinely debunks the fraud inflicted upon Jesse James history and the Jesse James family. James also is the author of the biographical history of the James family, Jesse James Soul Liberty. The James Preservation Trust, which James administers, archives a large collection of submissions claimed to be Jesse James that James receives routinely on a weekly, if not daily, basis.
James denied Whiting’s tintype is an image of Jesse James. In a series of email correspondence, Whiting repetitively pestered James with false claims and fake photos. James considered blocking Whiting’s email. Since Whiting had made no public claim, James left the line of communication open. Whiting since has been put on the James family’s watch list of Jesse James con artists.
The span of Whiting’s email, now on record, reveals Whiting’s delusion, his obsession, his childish crass belligerence, and hucksterism.
In the experience of the James family, fraudsters like Whiting reveal themselves given time. Eric F. James perceives in Whiting’s most recent email Whiting’s lack of education, an absence of basic grammar, and a narrow-minded, self-centered pathology.
Now that Whiting has gone public with his claim, soon the James family will publish the email correspondence between Whiting and James. The James family believes the general public can make its own, independent determination after reading Whiting’s own written record. Social media already has been falling in favor of the James family for a while.
Savvy collectors of historical photos and artifacts took no time at all to alert the Jesse James family about the next stage in the ongoing Bob Ford-Jesse James photo hoax. The latest hoax partner is the Burley Auction Gallery, aka Burley Auction Group Inc. located in New Braunfels, Texas. The only suspense left to this promotion of fraudulent Jesse James imagery is, who will be the next sucker to fall for this auction’s photo fraud?
The auction announcement clearly identifies who is the present sucker. The Burley Auction Gallery advertisement identifies the estate of Tommy & Sara Jane Howell as the present dupe to have fallen for the scam.
SON OF A CON JOB
The flimflam originated with Sandy Mills, Lois Gibson, and others. The Jesse James family has published and documented a blistering indictment of Mills and Gibson, describing in compelling detail why the claimed image is a hoax. The James also have identified the cabal who have partnered, enabled, and supported Mills and Gibson’s hoax.
The Howells appears to have owned or acquired the artifact less than a year ago. Next in line, they now have consigned their fraudulent tintype to Burley Auction Gallery to dispose of it.
When and how the Howells came into possession of the fake photo is not clear. The photo was last available and being promoted for sale in January of 2016. Sandy Mills and her boyfriend were publicly intent upon selling the fake image for, as Mills’ boyfriend greedily stated in one televised interview on KREM2 in Spokane, Washington where Mills lives, “we’ve heard numbers in the millions.”
At that time, Bobby Livingston, executive vice-president of RR Auction in Amherst, New Hampshire, judiciously sidestepped the opportunity of auctioning the photo. Or did he?
Livingston certainly did not shy away from promoting the sham. In a newspaper interview, Livingston stated that if the image was authentic the photo might fetch up to $2 million. A surprising statement from an auction house, since due diligence by any auction house would reveal that no authentic image of Jesse James has sold for more than $1,500. Bobby Livingston is under indictment in a lawsuit for fraud, misrepresentation, and presenting fake historical images as authentic. Livingston and RR Auction go to trial on January 17, 2017.
Questions remain. How did the Howells come into possession of the subject artifact? How much did they pay? Why now are they so quick to rid themselves of a tintype claimed to be so valuable?
Burley Auction Gallery grandiosely expects the Howell image to fetch $50,000 to $1 million. The value estimate apparently has plummeted precipitously since Mills’ original claim “in the millions.” The James family predicts Burley will find a new sucker willing to pay far less than the predicted amount – if anything at all.
FAILURE IN DUE DILIGENCE
Clearly, Burley Auction Gallery failed to conduct any due diligence in arriving at its estimate of value. Nor did Burley assess the tintype’s authenticity or legitimacy. Burley astutely refers to the image as “Photograph Attributed to Jesse James & Bob Ford.” Burley does not state the image is Jesse James and Bob Ford.
Burley also cites the auction image was “Inherited from a cousin of Frank James wife.” According to the Jesse James family, Sandy Mills’ claim that she is kin to the Jesse James family is as bogus as her tintype.
Mills never has published her genealogy publicly or made it subject to any peer review. The Jesse James family does not know Mills family personally, or even informationally. Neither Mills nor her family appears in the official Jesse James genealogy on the James family’s web site Stray Leaves that has been published for 20 years, despite the fact that there are some Mills who in fact are related to the James. Burley Auction Gallery stepped away from conducting any due diligence regarding this claim of kinship whatsoever.
How much malpractice Robb Burley, the auction gallery’s owner, may be on the hook for is yet to be determined. If Burley conducted any due diligence at all, Burley never contacted the James family for its opinion. Nor did Burley contact the family about the image of Bob Ford handed down through their family. The James family’s image of Bob Ford first was published in 2012 in Jesse James Soul Liberty, Vol. I., an authorized history of the Jesse James family. Nor has Burley contacted any collector of Jesse James artifacts and images known to the family. Those collectors are a tightly knit group. Most all enjoy a personal relationship with the James.
A CONFLICT OF INTEREST ?
One of the ironies of the Burley auction is the fact that the fake Bob Ford-Jesse James photo will be auctioned together with “Part II of the Texas Ranger Collection.”
Burley’s promotion makes no mention of Lois Gibson’s original “authentication.” Then, Gibson cited an actual image of Texas Rangers taken in 1892, a decade after Jesse James was dead. Gibson asserted one of the Texas Rangers to be Jesse James. She favorably compared Sandy Mills’ claimed Jesse James tintype to the Texas Rangers’ image. The individual Gibson asserted was Jesse James, in fact, is known to factual history to be Texas Ranger Robert “Bob” Speaks, not Jesse James.
The rotating banner on the museum’s website displays the Texas Ranger image from 1892 that Gibson claimed includes Jesse James. The banner image is titled “The History of Early Texas Rangers.” No one in America believes that Jesse James was a Texas Ranger after he was killed in 1882.
In a slide show, Burley does rely upon Gibson’s comparisons of Bob Ford’s actual image to Mills’ claimed image. A degree in forensic science that would employ mathematical analysis to assess similarities and dissimilarities of physical features in historical imagery is not needed here. Plainly visible in Gibson’s comparison is the dissimilarities between the actual photo and fake photo regarding hairline, forehead, eye, ear, and nose structure, lips and jawline. The two plainly are not identical.
Furthermore, the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame & Museum takes great pains to caution the public against fake Texas Ranger badges. Fake Ranger badges are as rampant apparently as fake Jesse James photos. In this auction, the Howells have consigned to Burley Auction Gallery a number of Texas Ranger badges to be auctioned with the Bob Ford-Jesse James photo hoax. Assuming the Howell’s Ranger badges are bonafide, is it any wonder why Burley Auction Gallery would make no mention of Gibson’s egregiously and flagrantly flawed Texas Ranger image comparison?
THIS BOB FORD-JESSE JAMES PHOTO IS A HOAX
The Jesse James family formerly debunked the Mills-Gibson-Howell fake and stands by its allegations. The family further has documented the cabal of sycophants that has supported and promoted this bogus photo. The Jesse James family restates its willingness to support anyone who may have a claim they are defrauded by the known principals and supporters of this Bob Ford-Jesse James photo hoax.
Burley Auction Gallery is on the hunt for the next sucker in this proven swindle. The James family now adds Burley Auction Gallery to its listed cabal of those – and their successors – who enable, promote, and disseminate fraudulent and fake Jesse James imagery in their exercise of Jesse James family identity theft.