Tag Archives: Metropolitan State Hospital

Last Photo of Jesse Edwards James Jr. – Son of Jesse James

Jesse Edwards James Jr., son of Jesse Woodson James, Norwalk State Hospital, 1949

The James Preservation Trust has received the contribution of what is believed to be the last photo taken of Jesse Edwards James Jr., son of America’s iconic outlaw Jesse Woodson James.

The photo was taken in 1949 during Jesse Jr.’s confinement in the Norwalk State Hospital in Norwalk, California. Months later, Jesse Edwards James Jr. died on March 26, 1951 at the age of seventy-five.

In the same image also is pictured Jesse Jr.’s caregiver at Norwalk. He is Luther Garlin Henderson. The contribution of this historic photographic was made by Henderson’s son, Bruce Henderson, a retired attorney.

Luther Garlin Henderson 1903-1958, caregiver to Jesse James Jr. at Norwalk State Hospital

“My father suffered a heart attack in 1947, and was forced to cease employment in his industry. To support his wife, and infant son (me), he found less physically demanding work at Norwalk State Hospital, Norwalk, California.”                                                                                           – BRUCE HENDERSON ESQ. 

 

NORWALK HOSPITAL – THEN and NOW

In the beginning, Norwalk Hospital was called Norwalk State Mental Hospital. Often it was referred to as a sanitarium.

Opened in 1916, the facility housed 105 patients with 21 employees, all administered by one physician. The 305 acre property included a farm, worked by the patients, most all of whom were unemployable men. The hospital had its own cemetery.

Then & Now – Norwalk State Hospital, Norwalk, California

Shortly after Jesse’s Jr.’s passing, the name of the facility was changed in 1953 to the Metropolitan State Hospital, housing 1,900 patients. Marilyn Monroe’s mother Gladys was a patient there. In 1955, actor Bela Lugosi was admitted for ninety days for treatment of his morphine addiction.

Today the facility is dramatically changed. Gone is the farm. Much of the land surrounding the Norwalk Hospital where Jesse Jr. was committed now is an industrial park. The old hospital has been replaced by a modern facility. Inside, treatment is administered to conservator patients with psychiatric disabilities, felony defendants found incompetent, parolees treated for mental disorders, and patients judged not guilty by virtue of insanity. A long history of abuse and negligence continues to be alleged.

The Norwalk Hospital Jesse Jr. knew sits abandoned. A walk of the grounds displays the apparent decay. The place is advertised as a location site for film makers.

CONDITIONS  IN JESSE JR.’S TIME

Little, if any, documentation exists that records the experience of Jesse Jr. at Norwalk. Hospital records remain sealed. They even are unavailable to surviving family.

An insight into what Jesse Jr. may have experienced at Norwalk can be found in the book Life Writing and Schizophrenia: Encounters at the Edge of Meaning by Mary Elene Wood. On page 290, the author records the memory of one of Norwalk’s patients. 

“I lay in bed a lot.  It was horrible. There weren’t enough beds for everyone so women were lined up in the hallway. We were all so scared but they didn’t do anything to reassure or comfort us. We would all talk about what would happen to our kids, we were all worried about that. Some of the women lost their kids altogether. Some of the patients got electroshock therapy. I didn’t have to have that, I was lucky. They were scared about it. The whole time I kept thinking those horrible thoughts.”

 

Jesse Edwards James Jr. with caregiver Luther Garlin Henderson, Norwalk State Hospital, 1949
Reverse copy from photo of Jesse Edwards James Jr. & Luther Garlin Henderson, Norwalk State Hospital, 1949

 

 

 

ELECTROCONVULSION THERAPY

An electro shock terminal used at Norwalk

Electro shock therapy, sometimes more aptly called electro-convulsion, was one of two therapies commonly applied to Norwalk patients. The second was hydrotherapy ice bath immersion.

Given his history of nervous disorder, Jesse Jr. very likely was administered electro shock therapy while at Norwalk.

However, the lingering question is, was Jesse Jr. ever subjected to a procedural lobotomy? The procedure was a popular application in the period, as evidenced by the tragic experience of Rosemary Kennedy, sister of President John F. Kennedy.

Death certificate for Jesse Edwards James Jr.
Lo Angeles Death Index citation for Jesse Edwards James Jr.

 

RELATED

Book Review: The Trial of Jesse James Jr.

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Wednesday May 27th, 2020

Stray Leaves

It's taken me 5 years to do it. Last night at 2 am, I finally screened the movie Trumbo, starring Bryan Cranston. The movie is about the blacklisted screenwriter Dalton Trumbo who was a personal friend of Daniel Lewis James Jr. of our family. Like Trumbo, Dan James also was unjustly blacklisted by the House on Un-American Activities Committee and the Hollywood movie industry. Both Trumbo & James appear in JJSL Vol I in my chapter "All for the Underdog."
The film's storyline was known to me, in fact, intimately known, based on my research about Dan James for my book. But it sure was fun seeing the story on a movie screen. For years, I've thought Dan James' story would make a great movie. I still think it can, despite the appearance of the Trumbo movie.
If you read their story in JJSL or don't want to wait for a movie about Daniel Lewis James, see Trumbo now. Just imagine the title of the movie is James instead.
... See MoreSee Less

Its taken me 5 years to do it. Last night at 2 am, I finally screened the movie Trumbo, starring Bryan Cranston. The movie is about the blacklisted screenwriter Dalton Trumbo who was a personal friend of Daniel Lewis James Jr. of our family. Like Trumbo, Dan James also was unjustly blacklisted by the House on Un-American Activities Committee and the Hollywood movie industry. Both Trumbo & James appear in JJSL Vol I in my chapter All for the Underdog.
The films storyline was known to me, in fact, intimately known, based on my research about Dan James for my book. But it sure was fun seeing the story on a movie screen. For years, Ive thought Dan James story would make a great movie. I still think it can, despite the appearance of the Trumbo movie.
If you read their story in JJSL or dont want to wait for a movie about Daniel Lewis James, see Trumbo now. Just imagine the title of the movie is James instead.

Monday May 18th, 2020

Stray Leaves

WHAT'S YOUR PHOTOSHOP I.Q.? Today's photo submission queried to be Jesse James betrays multiple instances of original image tampering & subsequent photoshopping. The left image is an ambrotype. The right image shows evidence of photoshopping to comply with known and recognized physical characteristics of JJ. Comparing the two, can you spot the instances of photoshopping in the image on the right? ... See MoreSee Less

WHATS YOUR PHOTOSHOP I.Q.? Todays photo submission queried to be Jesse James betrays multiple instances of original image tampering & subsequent photoshopping. The left image is an ambrotype. The right image shows evidence of photoshopping to comply with known and recognized physical characteristics of JJ. Comparing the two, can you spot the instances of photoshopping in the image on the right?

Comment on Facebook WHAT'S YOUR ...

The fake photo....Looks like the entire head was pasted too far to the right.Jesse,my 3rd.cousin,woulda shot the faker to death for that,lol.

The picture on the right; eyes are wider. Eyebrows don't match. Nose holes are different. There is a wrinkle in the white shirt and more white shirt showing for a start.

No amount of photo shopping would make that look like Jesse James.

I can't.

Friday May 15th, 2020

Stray Leaves

Can you detect the common lip formation that Robert Woodson "Woot" Hite shares with his Madison cousins in President James Madison's family? ... See MoreSee Less

Can you detect the common lip formation that Robert Woodson Woot Hite shares with his Madison cousins in President James Madisons family?Image attachment

Comment on Facebook 699902420163063_1675925099227452

Despite any foofaraw, I am going to go way out on al limn here and say the mouth and eyes. You have mentioned similar eyes in other posts.

Thursday May 14th, 2020

Stray Leaves

DID YOU KNOW Titanic star Gloria Stuart is a James family relation? As the third great-granddaughter of Richard James Cole & Anne Hubbard and of Humpreys Sparks & Mildred "Milly" Nalle, Gloria is a third cousin to Frank & Jesse James. Find her in Stray Leaves' genealogy database under her birth name of Gloria Frances Stewart. ... See MoreSee Less

DID YOU KNOW Titanic star Gloria Stuart is a James family relation? As the third great-granddaughter of Richard James Cole & Anne Hubbard and of Humpreys Sparks & Mildred Milly Nalle, Gloria is a third cousin to Frank & Jesse James. Find her in Stray Leaves genealogy database under her birth name of Gloria Frances Stewart.Image attachment

Comment on Facebook 699902420163063_1675129189307043

Beautiful lady. (I am the fifth great-granddaughter of Richard James Cole, Sr and Ann Hubbard. Also the fourth great-granddaughter of Anthony Lindsay III and Alice Cole. The Coles and Lindsays were certainly friendly! )

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